Force of Entropy

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Force of Entropy

The concept “Entropy” originated within the second law of Thermodynamics. It is a measure of the disorder within a system. One can also see it as a measure of chaos. Overall, the natural direction of change in the universe is towards greater disorder. If you leave anything unattended for long enough, it will disintegrate naturally over a period. In orgtology, we view entropy as a natural force that constantly creates disorder within Org. According to Thermodynamics, the natural flow of energy is always from a higher to a lower level. It is never the other way around. Yet, where we isolate energy from its environment, no entropy will take place. The unfortunate thing about isolated energy is that no transformation can take place either. Org needs both, order and chaos to grow in a sustainable way. Entropy’s binary is evolution. Jointly evolution and entropy will stabilize the order / chaos equilibrium of Org.

 

General Description...

In statistical mechanics, entropy is an extensive property of a thermodynamic system. It is closely related to the number Ω of microscopic configurations (known as microstates) that are consistent with the macroscopic quantities that characterize the system (such as its volume, pressure and temperature). Under the assumption that each microstate is equally probable, the entropy S {\displaystyle S} is the natural logarithm of the number of microstates, multiplied by the Boltzmann constant kB. Formally (assuming equiprobable microstates), S = k B ln ⁡ Ω . {\displaystyle S=k_{\mathrm {B} }\ln \Omega .} Macroscopic systems typically have a very large number Ω of possible microscopic configurations. For example, the entropy of an ideal gas is proportional to the number of gas molecules N. Roughly twenty liters of gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure has N ≈ 6×1023 (Avogadro's number). At equilibrium, each of the Ω ≈ eN configurations can be regarded as random and equally likely.The second law of thermodynamics states that the entropy of an isolated system never decreases. Such systems spontaneously evolve towards thermodynamic equilibrium, the state with maximum entropy. Non-isolated systems may lose entropy, provided their environment's entropy increases by at least that amount so that the total entropy increases. Entropy is a function of the state of the system, so the change in entropy of a system is determined by its initial and final states. In the idealization that a process is reversible, the entropy does not change, while irreversible processes always increase the total entropy. Because it is determined by the number of random microstates, entropy is related to the amount of additional information needed to specify the exact physical state of a system, given its macroscopic specification. For this reason, it is often said that entropy is an expression of the disorder, or randomness of a system, or of the lack of information about it. The concept of entropy plays a central role in information theory. Boltzmann's constant, and therefore entropy, have dimensions of energy divided by temperature, which has a unit of joules per kelvin (J⋅K−1) in the International System of Units (or kg⋅m2⋅s−2⋅K−1 in terms of base units). The entropy of a substance is usually given as an intensive property—either entropy per unit mass (SI unit: J⋅K−1⋅kg−1) or entropy per unit amount of substance (SI unit: J⋅K−1⋅mol−1).

 

Author - Derek Hendrikz
Hits - 252
Synonyms: Entropy; Disorder; Chaos; FOE


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