Authority is the official power given to somebody to take charge of something or of a situation. The organization gives authority to people to manage a specific organizational dimension, to run a process, or to complete a project. Authority is given and can therefore be taken away. It can be given for a specific period or for an undefined period. The concept is mostly associated with the management of Org. All organisational processes derive their authority from organisational purpose. In so, mission or purpose authorises what managers do. Therefore, the authority given by people to other people begins in purpose.
Authority is the right to exercise power, which can be formalized by a state and exercised by way of judges, appointed executives of government, or the ecclesiastical or priestly appointed representatives of a God or other deities. A governing body may be labelled an authority e.g. the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority or the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Authority can also mean the right to complete an action or execute an order. In government, authority is often used interchangeably with power. However, their meanings differ: while power is the ability to order or accomplish a goal or to influence others, authority refers to a claim of legitimacy, the justification and right to exercise that power. For example, while a mob may have the power to punish a criminal by beating or lynching, the rule of law indicates that only a court of law has the authority to determine and refer a criminal for punishment. In this sense, authority is a matter of not only the ability or power to make decisions, but the right to make these decisions and execute them with commensurate power. Appropriate authority is the basis of good government in the republican conception of government, which finds much of its theoretical origins in ancient Rome.
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